Quincy University -- TPS -- Primary Source Sets -- Civil War [April 2011]

Library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources at Quincy University


The following are resources selected from the Library of Congress on a specific topic.

The Civil War


Frederick Douglass, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right. from Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division.  http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2004671911


Band Music from the Civil War Era

Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society

Civil War Maps

A Civil War Soldier in the Wild Cat Regimet (Selections from the Tilton C. Reynolds Papers)

Washington During the Civil War: The Diary of Horatio Nelson Taft 1861-1865

Selected Civil War Photographs

Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs

Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints




Items Seperate by the Published Date or Date in Title

Between 1860-1865:

Entry of Major [Robert] Anderson's command into Fort Sumter on Christmas Night, 1860

Sunset view of Fort Sumter before the bombardment [1861]

Pvt. Francis E. Brownell

War views -- Army of the Potomac -- the way they cook dinner in camp

[Arlington Heights, Va. Blockhouse near Aqueduct Bridge]

[Alexandria, Va. Soldiers' Cemetery]

[Secret Service agents, Whitehouse, Va.]

[Civil War militia]

Documentary survey of the U.S. military railroad construction corps activities in the Washington, D.C., area during the Civil War

[Petersburg, Va. Sutler's bomb-proof "Fruit and Oyster House"]

Fort Sumter. IX. 10

Drum Corps, 30th Pennsylvania Inf'y.

Johnny's prayer! Copied from a soldier's letter. [n. p.] [n. d.]

When this cruel war is over; Ballad. 186-

Disunion and slavery. A series of letters to Hon. W. L. Yancey, of Alabama, by Henry J. Raymond, of New York.





Samuel Austin Allibone to Abraham Lincoln, Tuesday, January 08, 1861 (Fort Sumter) 

John A. Campbell to William H. Seward, Saturday, April 13, 1861 (Negotiations with South Carolina)

Bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor: 12th & 13th of April, 1861

August Belmont to Lionel De Rothschild, Tuesday, May 21, 1861 (British recognition of Confederacy) 

The first Battle of Bull Run, Va., Sunday afternoon, July 21, 1861

Colonel Burnsides brigade at Bull Run, First and Second Rhode Island, and Seventy-First New York Regiments, with their Artillery, Attacking the Rebel Batteries at Bull Run. Sketched on the spot by A. Waud

Battle scenes, no. 1

Colonel Burnsides brigade at Bull Run, First and Second Rhode Island, and Seventy-First New York Regiments, with their Artillery, Attacking the Rebel Batteries at Bull Run. Sketched on the spot by A. Waud

Orville H. Browning to Abraham Lincoln, Monday, April 22, 1861 (Public opinion in Illinois)

Leslie Combs to Abraham Lincoln, Wednesday, August 14, 1861 (Situation in Kentucky)

Stonewall Jackson, Bull Run, Aug. 17, 1861

Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman and staff with their families at Robert E. Lee's home, Arlington House, Virginia

[Bv't. Maj. Gen. John C. Caldwell and staff posed in front of tent]




General Irvin McDowell and staff, Arlington House, 1862

Washington, District of Columbia. Wiard gun at U.S. Arsenal

Tending wounded on battlefield of Antietam

Second day of the second battle of Bull Run, fought Saturday, August 30--the National forces commanded by Major General Pope, and the rebel troops by General Lee, Jackson and Longstreet / from a sketch by our special artist, Mr. Edwin Forbes.

The second battle of Bull Run, fought Augt. 29th 1862.

Retreat of the Army of the Rappahannock, commanded by Genl. Pope through the town of Centreville. After the battle of second Bull Run / E.F.

The Battle of Pittsburg Landing [Shiloh, Tenn., April 1862]: The woods on fire...Sunday, Apr. 6; 44th Regt, Indian Volunteers engaged

Letter from John Verity to Mattie V. Thomas, August 29, 1862

Battle of Shiloh. The gunboats Tylor and Lexington supporting the national troops

Bringing wounded soldiers to the cars after the battle of Seven Pines

[White House Landing, Va. Ruins of the White House, burnt during the Federal evacuation]

Slocum's Artillery engaged with the enemy on the Charles City Road. (Seven days fighting) The 16th N.Y. Regt as supports

Tending wounded on battlefield of Antietam

Battle of Antietam - Taking of the Bridge on Antietam Creek

The battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg / E.F.

[The Battle of Antietam] / from photographs by Mr. M.B. Brady.

[Antietam, Md. Confederate dead by a fence on the Hagerstown road]

[Antietam, Md. Allan Pinkerton, President Lincoln, and Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand]

[Antietam, Md. Allan Pinkerton, President Lincoln, and Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand; another view]

The Battle of Antietam, fought September 17, 1862

The Bombardment of Fredericksburg, December 11, 1862 / R.F. Zogbaum ; Evans sc.

Battle of Fredericksburg--the Army o.t. Potomac crossing the Rappahannock in the morning of Dec. 13' 1862, under t. comd. of Gen's Burnside, Sumner, Hooker & Franklin

Franklin A. Dick to Montgomery Blair, Friday, December 19, 1862 (Affairs in Missouri) 

Night. The sacking of Fredericksburg-- & biovace[sic]of Union troops

[Fredericksburg, Va.]

The Union & rebel officers taking the last drink after signing the papers of parole & exchange of prisoners, goodbye




One hundred and tenth Pennsylvania regiment at Falmouth, Va., April 24, 1863, nearly annihilated at battle of Chancellorsville

Battle of Chancellorsville--May 2, 3 & 4, 1863--Union (Gen. Hooker) ... Confederate (Gen. Lee) ... Gen. Jackson mort. wd.

The battle of Gettysburg, Pa. July 3d. 1863

The battle of Gettysburg--Prisoners belonging to Gen. Longstreet's Corps captured by Union troops, marching to the rear under guard / E.F.

Scene in the woods at foot of Round Top at Battle of Gettysburg

Emmitsburg, Maryland. Farmer's Inn and Hotel where our special artist was captured, July 5 1863

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. John L. Burns, the "old hero of Gettysburg," with gun and crutches

[Gettysburg, Pa. Headquarters of Gen. Robert E. Lee on the Chambersburg Pike]

[Gettysburg, Pa. The cemetery gatehouse]

Gettysburg from Cemetery Ridge, Gettysburg, Pa.

[Gettysburg, Pa. Confederate dead gathered for burial at the edge of the Rose woods, July 5, 1863]

[Dedication ceremonies at the Soldiers' National Cemetery, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania]

[The Battlefield, Gettysburg, Pa.]

The Peach Orchard and 3rd Mich. Infantry Monument, Gettysburg

View of Gettysburg battle field

Panorama of 2nd day's battle, Gettysburg

[Gettysburg, Pa. Headquarters of Gen. George G. Meade on Cemetery Ridge].

Gettysburg Camp, July 1-2-3, 1913.

National Cemetery, Gettysburg, Pa..

Field of Gettysburg, July 1st, 2nd & 3rd, 1863 Prepared by T. Ditterline.

[Federal dead on the field of battle of first day, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania]

Siege of Vicksburg--13, 15, & 17 Corps, Commanded by Gen. U.S. Grant, assisted by the Navy under Admiral Porter--Surrender, July 4, 1863

Mason Brayman to William S. Ketchum, Friday, September 25, 1863 (Affairs in Missouri)

Abraham Lincoln, [November 1863] (Gettysburg Address: Nicolay Copy)

Edward Everett to Abraham Lincoln, Friday, November 20, 1863 (Lincoln's remarks at Gettysburg)

Ft. Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., showing saliant assaulted by Longstreets forces, Novr. 29th 1863

Fort Sumter, December 9th 1863, View of entrance to Three Gun Bat'y

Fort Sumter, December 9th 1863, View of South East Angle

Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor[sic]

Grant's transports running the batteries




Abraham Lincoln to Edward R. S. Canby, Monday, July 25, 1864 (Cotton trade) 

George J. Holyoake to Abraham Lincoln, Sunday, September 04, 1864 (Support from Britain) 

Henry W. Lord to William H. Seward, Friday, September 16, 1864 (Public opinion in Britain) 

Picket Post (Union), Atlanta, Ga, Nov. 1864

Potter's House, on the lines N.W. of the city, showing the effect of shots, Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 1864

[White House Landing, Va. Headquarters of the U.S. Christian Commission]

[Civil War camp of the 6th N.Y. Artillery at Brandy Station, Virginia, showing Union soldiers in front of log company kitchen]

[Civil War soldiers in action]

[Ruins of the Franklin County Court House, Chambersburg, Pa., destroyed by Confederate troops in 1864]

[Chattanooga, Tenn. Confederate prisoners at railroad depot]

[Atlanta, Ga. Trout House, Masonic Hall, and Federal encampment on Decatur Street]

Bombardment of Fort Sumter

Siege of Petersburg

[Petersburg, Va. Dead Confederate soldier, in trench beyond a section of chevaux-de-frise]

[Atlanta, Ga. Federal soldiers by gun in captured fort].

[Savannah, Ga., vicinity. Sherman's troops removing ammunition from Fort McAllister in wheelbarrows]

Gen Sherman reviewing his army in Savannah before starting on his new campaign

All quiet along the Potomac to-night. 1864




Fort Sumter "Repossessed" by the Union, Feb. 18, 1865

The fall of Richmond Va. on the night of April 2nd

Ulysses S. Grant to Theodore S. Bowers and Edwin M. Stanton, Tuesday, April 04, 1865 (Telegram reporting military situation)

Interior of Fort Sumpter [i.e. Fort Sumter], Charleston Harbor, S.C. April 14th, 1865. Gen. Anderson and Gilmore, near the centre of the picture, preparing to raise the old flag

Outside view, Fort Sumter, n. east face

Arsenal grounds, Richmond, Va., showing ruins and shot and shell scattered around

Libbey (i.e. Libby) Prison from Union Hotel, Richmond

[Richmond, Va. Ruined buildings in the burned district].

[Richmond, Va. General view, with ruins, from Gambles Hill].

Band of 107th U.S. Colored Infantry

[District of Columbia. Maj. H. W. Sawyer and staff at Camp Stoneman].

[Washington, D.C., vicinity. Seven officers by a big gun in a fort].

Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Group of Federal soldiers at court house

[Appomattox Court House, Va. Federal soldiers at the courthouse]



Battle of the Monitor and Merrimac

Battle between the Monitor and Merrimac--fought March 9th 1862 at Hampton Roads, near Norfolk, Va.

Battle of Shiloh / Thulstrup.

The Place were Stonewall Jackson fell, mortally wounded

Civil War Veterans active as House doorkeepers. Washington, D.C. May 28. William H. Young, 95, and Col. John T. Ryan, 90, doorkeepers in the House Gallery in the Capitol, are eagerly looking forward to Memorial Day when they will take part in excercises at Arlington National Cemetery in honor of the many Civil War heroes with whom they served. Both vividly recall the Generals Grant, Sherman, and Early. They served in the Union Army, 5/28/37

African America Civil War Memorial, Washington, D.C.

Death of "Stonewall" Jackson

The leader and his battles - Ulysses S. Grant, Lieutenant-General, U.S.A.

Civil War monument. Vicksburg, Mississippi.

[Two Civil War veterans tending a grave in Graceland Cemetery].


Other Resources from the Internet


The American Civil War forging a more perfect union (National Park Service)

Antietam National Battlefield (National Park Service)

Appomattox Court House (National Park Service)

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial (National Park Service)

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (National Park Service)

Fort Sumter National Monument (National Park Service)

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial- National Military Park (National Park Service)

Gettysburg National Military Park (National Park Service)

Petersburg National Battlefield Park (National Park Service)

Richmond National Battlefield Park (National Park Service)

Shiloh National Military Park (National Park Service)

Vicksburg National Military Park (National Park Service)

The Civil War: A Film by Ken Burns (PBS)

Saving America's Civil War Battlefields: Civil War Trust

American Civil War (History)



B is for Battle Cry: A Civil War Alphabet by Patricia Bauer ~ ISBN-10: 1585363561 or ISBN-13: 978-1585363568 --- Ages 4-8

Civil War Sub: The Mystery of the Hunley (All Aboard Reading) by Kate boehm Jerome ~ ISBN-10: 9780448425979 or ISBN-13: 978-0448425979 --- Ages 4-8

You Wouldn't Want to Be a Civil War Soldier: A War You'd Rather Not Fight by Thomas Ratliff and David Salariya ~ ISBN-10: 9780531163931 or ISBN-13: 978-0531163931--- Ages 4-8

You Wouldn't Want to Be a Nurse During the American Civil War!: A Job That's Not for the Squeamish by kathryn Senior ~ ISBN-10: 9780531137864 or ISBN-13: 978-0531137864 --- Ages 4-8

What People Wore During the Civil War (Clothing, Costumes, and Uniforms of the Civil War) by Allison Stark Draper ~ ISBN-10: 0823956695 or ISBN-13: 978-0823956692 --- Ages 4-8

A Ballad of the Civil War by Mary Stolz ~ ISBN-10: 0064420884 or ISBN-13: 978-0064420884 --- Ages 9-12

Civil War Battles and Leaders by DK Publishing ~ ISBN-10: 078949891X or ISBN-13: 978-0789498915 --- Ages 9-12

Civil War on Sunday (Magic Tree House #21) by Mary Pope Osborne ~ ISBN-10: 9780679890676 or ISBN-13: 978-0679890676 --- Ages 9-12

Escape by Night: A Civil War Adventure by Laurie Myers ~ ISBN-10: 0805088253 or ISBN-13: 978-0805088250 --- Ages 9-12

Eyewitness: Civil War [Hardcover] by John Stanchack~ ISBN-10: 0789463024 or ISBN-13: 978-0789463029 --- Ages 9-12

If You Lived At the Time of The Civil War by Kay Moore ~ ISBN-10: 0590454226 or ISBN-13: 978-0590454223 --- Ages 9-12

My America: My Brother's Keeper: Virginia's Civil War Diary, Book One by Mary Pope Osborne ~ ISBN-10: 0439369037 or ISBN-13: 978-0439369039 --- Ages 9-12

Photo by Brady: A Picture of the Civil War by Jennifer Armstrong ~ ISBN-10: 9780689857850 or ISBN-13: 978-0689857850 --- Ages 9-12

Scholastic Encyclopedia of the Civil War by Catherine Clinton ~ ISBN-10: 0590372270 or ISBN-13: 978-0590372275 --- Ages 9-12

Stonewell by Jean Fritz ~ ISBN-10: 069811552X or ISBN-13: 978-0698115521 --- Ages 9-12

The Civil War for Kids: A History with 21 Activities by Janis Herbert ~ ISBN-10: 1556523556 or ISBN-13: 978-1556523557 --- Ages 9-12

With Every Drop of Blood: A Novel of the Civil War by James Collier and Christopher Collier ~ ISBN-10: 9780440219835 or ISBN-13: 978-0440219835 --- Ages 9 -12

Across Five Aprils by Irene Hunt ~ ISBN-10: 0425182789 or ISBN-13: 978-0425182789 --- Ages Young Adult

Two Miserable Presidents: The Amazing, Terrible, and Totally True Story of the Civil War by Steve Sheinkin ~ ISBN-10: 9781596435193 or ISBN-13: 978-1596435193 --- Ages Young Adult

Unconditional Surrender: U.S. Grant and the Civil War by Albert Marrin ~ ISBN-10: 0689318375 or ISBN-13: 978-0689318375 --- Ages Young Adult

Lincoln and McClellan: The Troubled Partnership between a President and His General by John C. Waugh ~ ISBN-10: 0230613497 or ISBN-13: 978-0230613492

The Complete Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant by Ulysses S. Grant ~ ISBN-10: 144046216X or ISBN-13: 978-1440462160

The Recollections and Letters of General Robert E. Lee (Civil War Library) by Robert Edward Lee ~ ISBN-10: 0914427660 or ISBN-13: 978-0914427667




Aftershock- Beyound the Civil War (The History Channel) with Lydia Alvita and Jennifer Antkowiak, Directed by David Padrusch, 90 minutes

American Experience - Reconstruction: The Second Civil War (PBS Home Video), 175 minutes

American Experience - Ulysses S. Grant, Warrior President (PBS Home Video), 220 minutes

Civil War Terror (The History Channel), 100 minutes

Disney's The American Presidents Civil War and Reconstruction & The Development of the U.S. [Interactive DVD] (Disney Educational Productions), 58 minutes

Gettysburg with Martin Sheen, Tom Berenger, and Jeff Daniels, Directed by Ronald F. Maxwell (Turner Home Entertainment), 261 minutes

Glory with Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington, and Morgan Freeman (Sony Pictures), 122 minutes

Gods & Generals with Jeff Daniels, Stephen Lang, Robert Duvall (Warner Home Video), 219 minutes

The Civil War - A Film by Ken Burns (PBS Home Video), 680 minutes

The History Channel Presents The Civil War with Danny Glover and Brad marshall, 600 minutes

The History Channel Presents Sherman's March with Bill Oberst Jr. (A&E Home Video), 94 minutes